Surrounded by water on three sides, Qatar is a peninsula
in the Arabian Gulf with its only land border existing at
the southern end where Qatar meets Saudi Arabia. The entire
country is approximately 160 kilometers from North to South
and a total area is about 11, 493 Sq km.
The state of Qatar became an independent state on September
3, 1971. Doha is the capital of Qatar. Qatar has a rich and
vibrant history - a history that can be traced back as far
as 4000 BC. Throughout the centuries, fishing and pearling
trades have established Qatar as an important port in the
Gulf. Oil and gas reserves are the main stays of Qatar's economy.
With oil reserves of 13.2 billion barrels and gas reserves
of 900 trillion cubic feet, Qatar has the highest per capita
in the world and the second largest gas reserve in the world
The people of Qatar are friendly and make visitors feel very
welcome. Arabic is the official language, although English
is widely used. Qatar is an Islamic state, which guides not
only the religious beliefs of Qataris but also plays a large
part in daily living.
Qatar has a desert climate and enjoys sunshine just about
every day of the year. It has mild winters and hot summers.
The best time to visit is November - March, when temperatures
are at their mildest. Humidity, however, is very high along
the coast. Cotton and linen are recommended during the summer
months and warm clots during the winter.
The sea and the desert are the back bone of tourism in Qatar.
Work hours for government offices are form 7 am - 2 pm and
their weekend is Friday and Saturday. Currency in Qatar is
Qatari Rias (QAR).